FREQUENCY AND CHARACTERISTICS OF METABOLIC SYNDROME IN PATIENTS WITH ACUTE CORONARY SYNDROME AMONG PAKISTANI ADULTS
Keywords:Metabolic Syndrome, Acute Coronary Syndrome, Diabetes Mellitus, Abdominal Obesity
AbstractObjective: The aim of our study was to determine the frequency of metabolic
syndrome (MS) and to evaluate the distribution of its components in patients with
acute coronary syndrome (ACS) among Pakistani adults.
Methodology: This descriptive cross sectional study was conducted in Division
of cardiovascular medicine and interventional Cardiology, Allama Iqbal Medical
College/Jinnah Hospital, Lahore from October 2011 to December 2011. Patients
of either gender and from 20 to 75 years of age admitted with ACS via emergency
department were recruited after an informed consent. Overall frequency of
metabolic syndrome was evaluated in these patients. In addition frequency of
individual components of metabolic syndrome as risk factor for acute coronary
syndrome was also calculated. Data was analyzed in SPSS version 17.
Results: The metabolic syndrome was present in 32% of patients and was more
frequent A total of 350 patients with acute coronary syndrome were studied in
men than women (75% vs. 25%). The most frequent component of metabolic
syndrome as a risk factor for ACS was hypertension seen in 52.6 % patients,
followed by diabetes mellitus in 42.8%, abdominal obesity in 41.2%, hypertriglyceridemia in 40.0% and low HDL in 31.7 % of patients.
Conclusion: Metabolic syndrome has high frequency in patients with acute
coronary syndrome, especially in men. The most frequent components are
Hypertension and Diabetes