FREQUENCY OF ISCHEMIC HEART DISEASE AND RISK FACTORS IN DIFFERENT PROFESSION
Keywords:Ischemic Heart Disease, Profession, Risk Factors
AbstractObjective: To determine the frequency of ischemic heart disease (IHD) and its
risk factors in different profession in Southern Punjab.
Methodology: This retrospective cross sectional study was conducted at private
clinic of consultant cardiologist from June 2009 to December 2011 at
Bahawalpur. A total of 3285 patients were registered during this study period, out
of these 605 patients were diagnosed as IHD. Among these patients different
professional groups were separated and their risk factors were studied. Data was
analyzed on SPSS version 16.0.
Results: This study contains 605 patients in which female patients were 283
(46.85%) and males were 322(53.2%). The mean ages of female and male
patients are 58.54±1.08 and 57.25±1.25 respectively. The age of the patients
ranges from 25 to 95 years. Housewife having highest percentage which was
264(93.28%) for ischemic heart disease. There were 81(25.15%) male farmer.
Related to business profession there were 46 (7.60%) patients. Out of 605 IHD
patients 44(7.27%) were retired government servants, shopkeeper were
43(7.10%), present government servants were 33(5.45%), laborer were
29(4.79%), teacher were 19(3.14%) and landlord were 18(2.97%). Only
12(1.98%) were doctors and retired teachers were 11(1.81). Advocates and
army officers were 4(0.66) and 2(0.33), respectively. In all profession, among
risk factors hypertension, was more prevalent (n=451),followed by DM
(n=223), obesity (n=96) and smoking (n=91).
Conclusion: IHD is most common in housewives, farmers, businessmen and
retired government servants in the same order. The prevalent risk factors in these
profession were hypertension, diabetes mellitus and smoking