PREVALENCE AND AWARENESS OF CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE INCLUDING LIFE STYLES IN A LOWER MIDDLE CLASS URBAN COMMUNITY IN AN ASIAN COUNTRY
Keywords:Coronary heart disease, Community Prevention of heart disease, Risk factor management, Prevalence coronary disease, Awareness heart disease.
AbstractThe emerging Cardiovascular Diseases are becoming leading cause of death in the developing countries. The
incidence of coronary heart disease in Pakistan is not well established. The aim was to report the prevalence
of coronary heart disease in an urban Pakistani Community and to evaluate the awareness of coronary heart
disease and to determine life styles of the community.
Material: Metroville a suburb of Karachi was selected, it has 4296 household population. After open
invitation 398 households agreed to participate in an intervention study. The data obtained at baseline is
basis of this report. Subjects ≥ 18 years age were 1078 while 382 males and 343 females were > 30 years age.
Physical exam height, weight, BMI, ECG, waist circumference, blood pressure were determined.
Questionnaire was administered to evaluate life styles and awareness in face to face interviews.
Results: Household data showed 1.24 families per household with 3.98 adults and 4.26 children. Uneducated
were 27.5% while 26.3% had 10 years as more schooling. Most had job. By history the prevalence of heart
attack was 8.2% in women and 4.5% in men, Over all 6.2%, Stroke 2.6, hypertension 26.7% and diabetes
Abnormal ECG suggesting myocardial infarction or ishaemia prevalence rate was 4.4 percent. awareness
that heart attack was major problem was reported in 40% men and 25% women who strongly agreed while
31% men and 35% agreed that heart attack can not be prevented.
Food and its linkage to coronary heart disease showed majority were aware of organ meat, fat and obesity
linkage to coronary heart disease.
Life Styles: Physical activity was mostly confined to walking stairs at home and shopping trips. Tobacco was
used by 34.3% men and 6.2% women.
Conclusion: Coronary heart disease prevalence was significant in an urban Karachi community and the
prevalence had increased over the past decades. Smoking, obesity were prevalent. The community had
sedentary life style.