SELF-EFFICACY ANALYSIS OF HEALTH PROMOTING BEHAVIORS OF HYPERTENSIVE PATIENTS IN RAFSANJAN
Objective: To analyze self-efficacy of the patients suffering from hypertension inRafsanjan (South of Iran).
Methodology: The current correlational study was conducted in RafsanjanUniversity of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran, using a simple random sampling.Hypertensive patients of health centers in Rafsanjan were selected. The datacollection tool was a questionnaire consisting of two parts: a demographic and aself-efficacy part. Data analysis was done in using Chi-square tests, independentt-tests, Pearson correlations and one-way ANOVAs utilizing version 18 of theSPSS.
Results: Total of 385 patients were included. The mean age of the patients was61.39±10.98 years, 96 of whom being males (24.9%). More than 76% of thepatients had a BMI of more than 25. Mean score and standard deviation for selfefficacyof the patients were 64.3 ±15.1. The highest self-efficacy scores wereassociated with regular drug use, and the lowest scores were related to regularphysical activities and stress control and management. There was a significantcorrelation between the mean score for self-efficacy and the variables of age,duration of the disease, systolic blood pressure, diastole and social support(p<0.05). Yet, no significant correlation was obtained with other independentand background variables (p> 0.05).
Conclusion: The perceived self efficacy of participants was higher than average,the high score was related to regular medicine in take and regular referral tophysician. The lowest score was related to regular physical activity behavior andstress control and management. Self Efficacy had a significant relationship withvariables such as age duration of disease, systolic and diastolic pressure.
Key Words: Self-efficacy, Health promotion, Behavior, Hypertension.