MATERNAL PARENTING AND DEPRESSION IN FEMALE VICTIMS OF DOMESTIC VIOLENCE OF RURAL AREAS OF PUNJAB, PAKISTAN
Keywords: Domestic violence, Parenting style, Authoritarian, Authoritative, Depression, Punjab
AbstractObjective: To explore the relationship of domestic violence with maternal par- enting and depression and further to find the predictors of depression in fe- male victims of domestic violence in rural area of Lahore, Punjab-Pakistan. Methodology: The current research was conducted in rural areas of Punjab including the villages of Qila Staar Shah, Kamahan, Attari, Badho Pulli, Rachna Town and Hadiyala Virkin. The sample included 200 married women with age range between 20-45 years. Purposive sampling technique was used for data collection. Domestic violence (both physical and psychological) was measured by The Karachi Domestic Violence Screening Scale (KDVSS; 2001), maternal de- pression by Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CES-D; Radloff, 1977) and maternal parenting style by Parenting Practices Questionnaire (PPQ; Robin- son, 1995). Data were analyzed using correlation and regression analyses. Results: There was a significant positive correlation of domestic violence with authoritarian parenting (r =.65, p <.001) and depression (r =.35, p <.01) in the participants of study. Domestic violence was contributing 49%, 56% and 47% in the authoritarian parenting, authoritative parenting and depression in the victims of domestic violence, respectively. Conclusion: Domestic violence was associated with authoritarian parenting and depression in victims.